A meme (pronounced /miːm or mɛm/) consists of any unit of cultural information, such as a practice or idea, that gets transmitted verbally or by repeated action from one mind to another. Examples include thoughts, ideas, theories, practices, habits, songs, dances and moods and terms such as race, culture, and ethnicity. Memes propagate themselves and can move through a "culture" in a manner similar to the behavior of a virus. As a unit of cultural evolution, a meme in some ways resembles a gene. Richard Dawkins, in his book, The Selfish Gene, recounts how and why he coined the term meme to describe how one might extend Darwinian principles to explain the spread of ideas and cultural phenomena. He gave as examples tunes, catch-phrases, beliefs, clothing-fashions, and the technology of building arches.
Meme-theorists contend that memes evolve by natural selection (similarly to Darwinian biological evolution) through the processes of variation, mutation, competition, and inheritance influencing an individual entity's reproductive success. So with memes, some ideas will propagate less successfully and become extinct, while others will survive, spread, and, for better or for worse, mutate. "Memeticists argue that the memes most beneficial to their hosts will not necessarily survive; rather, those memes that replicate the most effectively spread best, which allows for the possibility that successful memes may prove detrimental to their hosts."
(Τη δεύτερη παράγραφο δεν προλαβαίνω να τη σχολιάσω.)
Ακούω προτάσεις για το meme, τους memeticists
και φυσικά το... Internet meme:
The term Internet meme is a neologism used to describe a catchphrase or concept that spreads in a fast way from person to person via the Internet. The term is a reference to the concept of memes, although this concept refers to a much broader category of cultural information.
(Στα γρήγορα να προσθέσω πληροφορίες που δεν έχω ελέγξει σχετικά με την ετυμολογία:
Etymology of Meme
By admin - Posted on August 21st, 2007
Historically, the notion of a unit of social evolution, and a
similar term (from Greek mneme, “memory”), first appeared in 1904 in a
work by the German evolutionary biologist Richard Semon titled Die
Mnemischen Empfindungen in ihren Beziehungen zu den
Originalempfindungen (loosely translated as “Memory-feelings in
relation to original feelings”). According to the OED, the word mneme
appears in English in 1921 in L. Simon's translation of Semon's book:
(Και μη μου πείτε «μνήμη» και «μιμ» ή «μεμέ» -παρακαλώ σας, Νίκο...) :)